Liquidated: An Ethnography of Wall Street (a John Hope Franklin Center Book)

Financial collapses—whether of the junk bond industry, the net bubble, or the hugely leveraged housing market—are frequently defined because the inevitable results of industry cycles: What is going up needs to come down. In Liquidated, Karen Ho punctures the air of secrecy of the summary, omnipotent marketplace to teach how monetary markets, and especially booms and busts, are built. via an in-depth research into the standard stories and ideologies of Wall highway funding bankers, Ho describes how a financially dominant yet hugely risky industry method is known, justified, and produced during the restructuring of organizations and the bigger economy.

Ho, who labored at an funding financial institution herself, argues that bankers’ techniques to monetary markets and company the US are inseparable from the buildings and techniques in their offices. Her ethnographic research of these offices is stuffed with the voices of under pressure first-year affiliates, overworked and alienated analysts, undergraduates desirous to be employed, and pro coping with administrators. Recruited from elite universities as “the top and the brightest,” funding bankers are socialized right into a international of excessive hazard and excessive gift. they're paid handsomely, with the knowledge that they're allow move at any time. Their place of work tradition and networks of privilege create the belief that task lack of confidence builds personality, and worker liquidity ends up in clever, effective company. in keeping with this tradition of liquidity and reimbursement practices tied to profligate deal-making, Wall highway funding bankers reshape company the USA of their personal photograph. Their challenge is the construction of shareholder worth, yet Ho demonstrates that their practices and assumptions frequently produce crises in its place. via connecting the values and activities of funding bankers to the development of markets and the restructuring of U.S. firms, Liquidated unearths the actual tradition of Wall highway usually obscured by way of triumphalist readings of capitalist globalization.

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Objects and Others: Essays on Museums and Material Culture (History of Anthropology)

History of Anthropology is a sequence of annual volumes, inaugurated in 1983, every one of which treats a huge topic within the background of anthropological inquiry. Objects and Others, the 3rd quantity, makes a speciality of a few questions on the subject of the historical past of museums and fabric tradition stories: the interplay of museum association and anthropological conception; the stress among anthropological study and renowned schooling; the contribution of museum ethnography to aesthetic perform; the connection of humanistic and anthropological tradition, and of ethnic artifact and tremendous paintings; and, extra quite often, the illustration of tradition in fabric gadgets. because the first paintings to hide the improvement of museum anthropology because the mid-nineteenth century, will probably be of serious curiosity and cost not just to anthropologist, museologists, and historians of technology and the social sciences, but additionally to these drawn to "primitive"  paintings and its reception within the Western world.

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The Children of Sánchez: Autobiography of a Mexican Family

By Oscar Lewis

A pioneering paintings from a visionary anthropologist, The young ones of Sanchez is hailed all over the world as a watershed success within the research of poverty--a uniquely intimate research, as poignant this present day as while it used to be first published.

It is the epic tale of the Sánchez relations, informed totally by way of its members--Jesus, the 50-year-old patriarch, and his 4 grownup children--as their lives spread within the Mexico urban slum they name domestic. Weaving jointly their outstanding own narratives, Oscar Lewis creates a sympathetic yet finally tragic portrait that's instantly harrowing and humane, mystifying and moving.

An precious record, packed with verve and pathos, The little ones of Sanchez reads just like the better of fiction, with the further effect that it's all, undeniably, actual.

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The Social Meaning of Children and Fertility Change in Europe (Studies in European Sociology)

Low fertility in Europe has given upward thrust to the thought of a ‘fertility crisis’. This e-book shifts the eye from fertility decline to why humans do have teenagers, asking what little ones suggest to them. It investigates what position kids play in how teenagers plan their lives, and why and the way teens make the alternatives they do.

The publication goals to extend our comprehension of the complicated constructions and cultures that impression reproductive selection, and explores 3 key elements of fertility choices:

  • the procedures in the direction of having (or now not having) teenagers, and the way they're underpinned by means of negotiations and ambivalences
  • how kin guidelines, labour markets and private relatives engage in teenagers’ fertility choices
  • social differentiation in fertility selection: how fertility rationales and reasoning may well vary between men and women, and throughout social classes

Based on empirical reviews from six countries – France, Scandinavia, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Germany and Italy (representing the low and high finish of ecu edition in fertility charges) – the e-book exhibits how varied fiscal, political and cultural contexts interact in teenagers' fertility rationales. it will likely be of curiosity to scholars and students of sociology, anthropology, demography and gender studies.

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Shamans/Neo-Shamans: Ecstasies, Alternative Archaeologies and Contemporary Pagans

By Robert J. Wallis

In pop culture, such assorted characters as occultist Aleister Crowley, doorways musician Jim Morrison, and function artist Joseph Beuys were known as shamans. In anthropology, nonetheless, shamanism has institutions with sorcery, witchcraft and therapeutic, and archaeologists have steered the which means of prehistoric cave paintings lies with shamans and changed cognizance. Robert J. Wallis explores the interface among 'new' and prehistoric shamans. The publication attracts on interviews with various practitioners, rather modern pagans in Britain and north the US. Wallis appears at ancient and archaeological assets to discover modern pagan engagements with prehistoric sacred websites comparable to Stonehenge and Avebury, and discusses the arguable use by way of neo-Shamans of indigenous (particularly local American) shamanism.

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The First Humans: Origin and Early Evolution of the Genus Homo (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology)

There are a few matters in human paleontology that appear to be undying. such a lot care for the beginning and early evolution of our personal genus – anything approximately which we must always care. a few of these concerns pertain to taxonomy and systematics. what percentage species of Homo have been there within the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How will we determine the earliest contributors the genus Homo? If there's multiple Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to each other, and the place and while did they evolve? different matters relate to questions about physique measurement, proportions and the sensible variations of the locomotor skeleton. whilst did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what purposes? What behaviors (and what behavioral obstacles) should be inferred from the postcranial bones which were attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? nonetheless different matters relate to progress, improvement and existence background thoughts, and the organic and archeological facts for vitamin and behaviour in early Homo. it is usually argued that nutritional switch performed an incredible position within the beginning and early evolution of our genus, with stone instruments starting up scavenging and searching possibilities that will have further meat protein to the nutrition of Homo. nonetheless different concerns relate to the environmental and climatic context within which this genus developed.

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Counterplay: An Anthropologist at the Chessboard

By Robert R. Desjarlais

“Chess will get a carry of a few humans, like an epidemic or a drug,” writes Robert Desjarlais during this soaking up ebook. Drawing on his lifelong fascination with the sport, Desjarlais publications readers into the area of twenty-first-century chess to assist us comprehend its targeted pleasures and demanding situations, and to improve a brand new “anthropology of passion.” Immersing us at once in chess’s complex tradition, he interweaves small dramas, heavily saw info, illuminating insights, colourful anecdotes, and unforgettable biographical sketches to explain the sport and to bare what is going on within the minds of skilled gamers once they face off over the board. Counterplay deals a compelling tackle the intrigues of chess and exhibits how topics of play, attractiveness, pageant, habit, fanciful cognition, and intersubjective engagement form the lives of these who take in this such a lot eye-catching of games.

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Culture, Class, Distinction (Culture, Economy, and the Social)

Culture, category, Distinction is significant contribution to overseas debates concerning the position of cultural capital with regards to sleek kinds of inequality.  Drawing on a national learn of the enterprise of cultural practices in modern Britain, the authors overview Bourdieu’s vintage research of the relationships among tradition and sophistication within the mild of next debates. 

In doing so that they re-appraise the relationships among type, gender and ethnicity, tune, movie, tv, literary, and humanities intake, the corporation of wearing and culinary practices, and practices of physically and self maintenance.  because the such a lot entire account so far of the various interpretations of cultural capital which have been constructed within the wake of Bourdieu’s paintings, Culture, type, Distinction deals the 1st systematic review of the relationships among cultural perform and the social divisions of sophistication, gender and ethnicity in modern Britain.

It is key examining for a person drawn to the relationships among tradition and society.

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Myths of Male Dominance: Collected Articles on Women Cross-Culturally

By Eleanor Burke Leacock

“Highly advised, either as a significantly provided state of the art dialogue and as an account of ways one’s personal/political heritage informs the method of medical inquiry.”—Choice

This vintage anthropological examine debunks the numerous myths in the back of the assumption of “natural” male superiority. Drawing on broad historic and cross-cultural examine, Eleanor Burke Leacock indicates that says of male superiority are in accordance with rigorously developed myths with out real historic foundation. She additionally files a number of ancient examples of egalitarian gender relations.

Eleanor Burke Leacock (1922–1987) was once recognized for her ethnographic paintings between primitive societies, and her study continues to be a formative impression between feminist anthropologists.

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Drawn from the Ground: Sound, Sign and Inscription in Central Australian Sand Stories (Language Culture and Cognition)

Sand tales from primary Australia are a conventional type of Aboriginal women's verbal artwork that includes speech, track, signal, gesture and drawing. Small leaves and different gadgets can be utilized to symbolize tale characters. This special examine of Arandic sand tales takes a multimodal method of the research of the tales and exhibits how the expressive components utilized in the tales are orchestrated jointly. This richly illustrated quantity is key studying for an individual attracted to language and communique. It provides to the turning out to be reputation that language encompasses even more than speech by myself, and exhibits how very important it's to think about different semiotic assets a tradition brings to its communicative projects as an built-in entire instead of in isolation.

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